Before aircraft took off and landed aboard ships, the first used by the U.S. Navy were seaplanes. These were generally land based aircraft fitted with floats.
The U.S. Navy ship borne aircraft originated in 1910, when an airplane took off from the bow of a cruiser that was at anchor.
In January of 1911 a U.S. Navy plane landed on a platform, built for the purpose, on an anchored cruiser.
In November of 1915 a U.S. Navy aircraft made the first catapult launch from the stern of an anchored cruiser.
In March of 1922 the first U.S. Navy aircraft carrier, the U.S.S. Langley, was commissioned.
On October 17, 1922 the first U.S. Navy aircraft carrier take off was accomplished from the USS Langley while at anchor.
On October 22, 1922, while the U.S.S. Langley was underway, the first plane landed aboard the carrier.
Throughout the years, U.S. Navy jets, prop planes, and rotorcraft have been at the leading edge of aviation. They have served both from the sea, and from the land.
Today's the U.S. Navy is capable of combat missions, the transport of cargo and troops, ground support, and electronics warfare missions.
The latest U.S. Navy jets, currently under development, are the F-35 Joint Strike Fighters. These will be the first ever U.S. Navy jets with stealthy capabilities.
You Tube - U.S. Navy Jets
Known for their high ordnance load, durability, and excellent ground support: Douglas A1
Called "the whale", they were the largest U.S. Navy jet aircraft ever to operate from an aircraft carrier: Douglas A3
Known for their ruggedness, high ordnance load for a small aircraft, and maneuverability: Douglas A4
First U.S. Navy jets to use fly-by-wire technology: North American A5
First flown in 1960, during an almost 40 year career, they participated in virtually every naval air action since Vietnam: Grumman A6
Used both for bombing and torpedo attack: Martin AM-1
No single engine propeller U.S. Navy aircraft was bigger: Grumman AF2.
Known as the "jump jet" these aircraft are deployed on U.S. Navy assault vessels for troop ground support: Boeing AV-8B
Largest single engine U.S. Navy WWII aircraft that engaged in every major battle of the Pacific: Grumman TBM
Twin engine transport that ferried passengers and cargo between land bases and aircraft carriers at sea from 1966 to 1987: C-2 Greyhound
Transport U.S. Navy jets version of the DC-9 used from 1968 to 2005: C-9 Skytrain II
U.S. Navy jets used as land based freight and passenger carriers, the U.S. Navy's version of the Boeing 737: C-40 Clipper
Utility aircraft used by the U.S. Navy primarily for V.I.P. transport: T-47A
Main carrier based U.S. Navy aircraft used for surveillance: Northrop Grumman E-2C
Land based U.S. Navy jets electronics warfare version of the Boeing 707: E-6 Mercury
Now being replaced by the EA-18G, they were the primary ECM U.S. Navy jets since 1971: Grumman EA-6B
Newest U.S. Navy jets for electronics warfare: Boeing EA-18G
Only supersonic U.S. Navy jets to fly as seaplane fighters: Convair XF2Y
One of the first U.S. Navy jet aircraft produced as a night-fighter: Douglas F-3D
U.S. Navy fighter first deployed aboard aircraft carriers in 1936: Grumman VF-4
U.S. Navy jets that scored the most victories over Vietnam: McDonnell F4
Last U.S. Navy biplane fighter made from wood: Boeing P-12
First U.S. Navy jets able to go supersonic during level flight: Douglas F-6A
Primary carrier based U.S. Navy fighter at the start of WWII: Grumman F4F
First U.S. Navy aircraft to exceed 400 mph in level flight: Chance Vought F-4U
During "Top Gun" training, these U.S. Navy jets played the role of enemy fighters: Northrop F-5 Tiger
U.S. Navy fighters with over 6,000 WWII victories over Japanese aircraft: Grumman F-6F
Early U.S. Navy jets that, at low speeds, could out-maneuver virtually any other jets of their time: Chance Vought F-7U3
Last U.S. Navy jets armed with cannons as their primary weapons: Vought F8U
Smallest, lightest, U.S. Navy jets produced by Grumman: F-11 Tiger
Fastest U.S. Navy jets ever deployed: Grumman F-14
U.S. Navy jets deployed in "Top Gun" exercises as aggressor enemy aircraft: F-16 Falcon
The backbone of U.S. Navy attack fighters currently deployed: Boeing F-18 Super Hornet
First U.S. Navy jets being developed with stealth technology: F-35C JSF
Main ground support U.S. Navy jets used during the Korean War: Grumman F-9F
First pure U.S. Navy jets ever to land on board an aircraft carrier: McDonnell FH-1
This U.S. Navy aircraft was an attempt to combine the use of a jet engine for high speed, and a piston engine for rapid acceleration: Ryan FR-1
U.S. Navy aircraft, a utility amphibian that first flew in 1933: Grumman J2F5
U.S. Navy version of the CH-53 heavy lift helicopter: MH-53 Sea Dragon
U.S. Navy version of the UH-60 Blackhawk multi mission helicopter: MH-60 Seahawk
U. S. Navy unmanned utility helicopter: Grumman Bell Fire Scout
U.S. Navy main observation ship based aircraft between the Wars: Vought SU-4
U.S. Navy aircraft tested as seaplane bombers: >Glenn L. Martin Co. P-6M
U.S. Navy primary land based maritime patrol plane from 1962. Being replaced by the P-8A Poseidon: Lockheed P3C
Newest U.S. Navy jet to be used for maritime patrol from land bases: Boeing P8
U.S. Navy patrol flying boat used for reconnaissance and utility during World War II: Consolidated PBY
U.S. Navy version of the AT-6 trainer: SNJ
Replaced the T-34 by the U.S. Navy; used for single engine training: Beechcraft T-6
Primary traininer for the U.S. Navy from 1953 to 2000: Turbo-Mentor
Twin engine trainer for the U.S. Navy; version of the Beechcraft King Air: T-44A Pegasus
Carrier based U.S. Navy jet version of the BAE Hawk deployed from 1991 to today: T-45 Goshawk
U.S. Navy aircraft used for single engine utility from land bases: DeHavilland U6A
U.S. Navy planes that fly cargo, passengers, and MEDEVAC missions from land bases: Beechcraft UC-12B
U.S. Navy jet version of the Cessna Citation: UC-35D
U.S. Navy cargo version of the Sea King helicopter: UH-3H
First U.S. Navy / USMC rotorcraft with tilt rotors: MV-22